Health & Dental

    Results: 41

  • Adolescent/Adult Immunizations (2)
    LT-3400.0100

    Adolescent/Adult Immunizations

    LT-3400.0100

    Programs that protect adolescents and adults from childhood diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), diphtheria, measles, mumps, chicken pox (varicella), rubella (German measles), polio and hepatitis A and B, some of which are typically mild in children but generally more serious when contracted by adults or older youngsters.
  • AIDS (4)
    YF-3000.0270-050

    AIDS

    YF-3000.0270-050

    A group of symptoms (including certain infections and/or cancers) that collectively characterize the condition and are the result of a weakening of the immune system caused by infection with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).
  • AIDS/HIV (12)
    YF-3000.0270

    AIDS/HIV

    YF-3000.0270

    Individuals who are at risk or have tested positive for infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), or have developed AIDS which is caused by the HIV virus and impairs the function of the body's immune system leaving affected individuals vulnerable to illnesses that would not otherwise occur.
  • AIDS/HIV Clinics (16)
    LT-1750.0500

    AIDS/HIV Clinics

    LT-1750.0500

    Programs that provide comprehensive medical services on an inpatient or outpatient basis for people who have symptomatic or asymptomatic HIV infections or full-blown AIDS.
  • AIDS/HIV Issues (10)
    YZ-0350

    AIDS/HIV Issues

    YZ-0350

    Programs that provide information and/or services that deal with the topic of AIDS/HIV.
  • AIDS/HIV Prevention Counseling (8)
    LH-2700.0150

    AIDS/HIV Prevention Counseling

    LH-2700.0150

    Programs that provide counseling services for individuals at risk for contracting or transmitting the HIV virus with the objective of supporting their ability to make behavior changes that will reduce their risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV. Counseling involves a personal risk assessment, development of a personalized action plan and the decision to seek an HIV test. Individuals who have a history of injection drug use, sex with a person with HIV/AIDS, sex with a man who has sex with other men, sex with an injection drug user, a sexually transmitted disease, or exchanging money or drugs for sex are considered to be at high or increased risk and are targets for prevention counseling.
  • Cancer (1)
    YF-3000.1480

    Cancer

    YF-3000.1480

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.
  • Cancer Clinics (3)
    LT-1750.1500

    Cancer Clinics

    LT-1750.1500

    Programs that provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services on an inpatient or outpatient basis for individuals who have cancer.
  • Cancer Detection (2)
    LF-4900.1500

    Cancer Detection

    LF-4900.1500

    Programs that offer any of a variety of tests which are used to identify people who have some form of cancer which, if caught in an early stage, may be treated with a higher probability of success.
  • Childhood Immunizations (2)
    LT-3400.1500

    Childhood Immunizations

    LT-3400.1500

    Programs that inoculate infants and young children to prevent them from contracting diseases to which they are particularly susceptible including diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), measles, chicken pox (varicella), rubella (German measles), whooping cough (pertussis), Hib (haemophilus influenzae type B), hepatitis B, pneumococcal infections and polio. Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for use in selected locales and for certain high-risk groups. Influenza vaccine is recommended annually for children older than six months with specific risk factors. Rotovirus vaccination (to prevent acute gastroenteritis with vomiting and severe diarrhea) is recommended during the first year of infancy. A baby should receive two or three doses depending on the brand used. Some of the childhood immunizations involve a series of doses at specific intervals.
  • Community Clinics (24)
    LN-1500

    Community Clinics

    LN-1500

    Consumer-based, community-controlled, nonprofit outpatient facilities that provide basic health care including physical examinations, immunizations, family planning, nutrition assistance and diagnosis and treatment of common ailments for low income people, people who are homeless or uninsured/underinsured or other medically underserved populations that are geographically, economically and culturally challenged. Services are generally provided on an ability-to-pay basis. In the U.S., most community clinics are part of the network of Federally Qualified Health Centers, and many are known as "free clinics".
  • Dental Care (14)
    LV-1600

    Dental Care

    LV-1600

    Programs that specialize in the care of the teeth and associated structures in the oral cavity including the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth and gums.
  • Developmental Assessment (5)
    LF-7000.1700

    Developmental Assessment

    LF-7000.1700

    Programs that provide a comprehensive, structured evaluation of a child’s cognitive/intellectual functioning, language and communication skills, independent living skills, social and emotional development and perceptual/motor functioning in order to identify individuals who show developmental delays, determine the nature and extent of the problem and recommend a course of treatment and care. Developmental assessments are generally offered by a developmental assessment specialist, or a team of professionals that can include a pediatrician, language specialist, audiologist, occupational therapist, child psychologist and child psychiatrist, among others. They involve age-adjusted questions regarding a child's growth, physical movements, behavior, play, and interactions with family members and the rest of the world as well as a series of tests that may include a physical exam, hearing and eye screenings, play observation, and standardized tests that present the child with specific tasks to determine areas of strength and weakness. Developmental assessments are occasionally done for adults. They can also be used to identify individuals who have developmental disabilities such as intellectual disabilities, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, autism and neurological impairments, in order to establish eligibility for state and federally funded programs.
  • Diabetes Management Clinics (2)
    LT-1750.1750

    Diabetes Management Clinics

    LT-1750.1750

    Programs that help people of all ages who have juvenile or adult diabetes understand and manage their illness. Services may include screening programs for early identification of the condition and associated complications; establishment of a treatment regimen; patient education; and self-management skills development assistance which may focus on use of insulin and drugs to control blood sugar levels, blood glucose monitoring, dietary management in different environments (at home, at work, in school, while dining out), menu planning, the role of exercise in relation to food intake, hygienic measures such as foot care and ways to reduce the likelihood of diabetes-related complications which may include heart disease, kidney failure, amputation, nerve damage and blindness. Included are programs that provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services on an inpatient or outpatient basis as well as less formal programs that emphasize education and may provide any combination of supportive services such as case management, assistance in obtaining needed products and services, and assistance in following the prescribed treatment regimen. Diabetes is a chronic, incurable disease in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to allow the body to adequately metabolize sugar.
  • Disease Prevention Programs (1)
    LT-1780

    Disease Prevention Programs

    LT-1780

    Programs that help people who have a family history or other risk factors associated with a chronic disease such as heart disease and stroke, cancer and diabetes make lifestyle or other changes that can prevent the disease or limit the initial onset. In addition to health promotion activities that encourage healthy living, prevention also embraces early detection efforts, including screening at-risk populations, as well as strong community-clinical linkages to help ensure that people at high risk of chronic diseases have access to community resources and support to prevent, delay or manage chronic conditions once they occur. Some programs may provide preventive care interventions for people who have a broader array of health concerns.
  • Emergency Room Care (3)
    LD-1700

    Emergency Room Care

    LD-1700

    Hospitals and other health care facilities that provide 24-hour diagnostic and treatment services for people who have acute, life-threatening injuries or severe illnesses.
  • Geriatric Medicine (3)
    LV-3300.2900

    Geriatric Medicine

    LV-3300.2900

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for elderly individuals who have diseases or conditions that are associated with the aging process. Special assistance may include recognizing altered presentations of illnesses, dealing with multisystem organ involvement, handling special drug interactions, utilizing resources such as nursing homes and community social services, and assisting with ethical issues in the care of people who are elderly.
  • Health Care Referrals (4)
    LH-2600

    Health Care Referrals

    LH-2600

    Programs that link people who are in need of medical care, nursing care, dental care or other types of health care services with qualified practitioners.
  • Health Conditions (2)
    YF-3000

    Health Conditions

    YF-3000

    Acute or chronic illnesses, injuries or other pathological conditions which affect the individual's physical well-being.
  • Health Education (10)
    LH-2700

    Health Education

    LH-2700

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of living and working conditions and other factors that safeguard their health and prevent or reduce the risk of injury, disease, disability and premature death. Health education programs help people make informed decisions about matters which affect their personal health and the health of others. They inform the public of health and safety hazards, help people modify behaviors that compromise their health, encourage people to take advantage of early detection programs and provide information about treatment and rehabilitation options for people who have an illness, injury or disability. They also provide anticipatory information or guidance to help people deal with and understand specific medical procedures, being hospitalized or other necessary interfaces with the health care system.
  • Health Issues (13)
    YZ-3050

    Health Issues

    YZ-3050

    Programs that provide information and/or services that deal with the topic of health problems and/or care.
  • Health Screening/Diagnostic Services (6)
    LF

    Health Screening/Diagnostic Services

    LF

    Programs that utilize one or a combination of diagnostic tools to test large groups of people who are assumed to be well for the presence of a particular disease or condition or for certain risk factors that are known to be associated with that disease or condition; or which conduct in-depth tests to establish the cause and nature of an individual's presenting illness. The purpose of screening is to identify people who have a potential problem and refer them for early diagnosis and treatment and, where possible, to provide preventive measures. Early identification is particularly important when dealing with conditions that are more difficult to treat when fully developed. The purpose of more in-depth diagnostic work is to establish a logical basis for ongoing treatment.
  • Hepatitis Testing (1)
    LF-4900.2200

    Hepatitis Testing

    LF-4900.2200

    Programs that administer tests which identify individuals who have been exposed to hepatitis A, B or C by detecting the presence of associated antigens, antibodies or genetic material (DNA). Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a variety of agents including viral infection (hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and delta agents), bacterial invasion and physical and chemical agents. Hepatitis A and delta agent hepatitis are spread primarily from person to person via the fecal-oral route, but may occur by contact with water or food contaminated by the virus. Hepatitis B and C are spread by blood and serum-derived fluids and by direct contact with body fluids. Depending on the type of hepatitis involved, screening may be particularly recommended for persons who have traveled or worked in countries with high rates of infection, sexually active homosexual men, injecting and non-injecting illegal drug users, persons who work with infected primates in a laboratory setting, persons with chronic liver disease, persons with clotting disorders, blood bank and dialysis workers, dental hygienists, and other members of health care teams who come into contact with blood, body fluids or body tissue.
  • HIV Testing (10)
    LF-4900.2400

    HIV Testing

    LF-4900.2400

    Programs that offer HIV tests which are used to identify individuals who have been infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and are at risk for developing AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) or which are used to measure progression of the disease in people known to be infected. The most common HIV screening test is the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) which most frequently uses peripheral blood drawn from the arm or a finger as a sample, but can also be conducted using serum, oral fluids or urine. Repeatedly reactive EIA tests are confirmed using the Western blot or the immunofluorescence assay (IFA). The most common test that is used to measure disease progression is the PCR (polymeraise chain reaction) or viral load test. Many programs that provide HIV testing also provide pre-testing and post-test counseling which includes information about AIDS/HIV, reducing risks for HIV transmission, emotional support to help the individual deal with the testing process and test results, and information about and referral to other AIDS-related services.
  • Home Health Care (4)
    LT-2800

    Home Health Care

    LT-2800

    Programs that make necessary medical services available in the homes of people who are aged, ill or convalescing.
  • Home Nursing (3)
    LT-2800.3100

    Home Nursing

    LT-2800.3100

    Programs that offer skilled nursing care under the guidance and supervision of a physician in the homes of recently discharged hospital patients and other people who need continuous nursing care but are not in an acute phase of their illness.
  • Hospice Care (1)
    LT-3000

    Hospice Care

    LT-3000

    Programs that provide a full range of supportive services for terminally ill individuals who are in the final stages of their illnesses and for their families. Services may include medical care, pain and symptom management, home nurse visitation, case management, emotional and spiritual support, and bereavement services for the patient and members of the family. Hospice care may be provided at home, in a freestanding hospice facility, a hospice unit of a hospital or in long-term care facilities such as nursing homes. In order to qualify for Medicaid or Medicare reimbursement, an individual must have a life threatening illness and must be certified by their physician to have entered the last six months of life.
  • Medical Expense Assistance (4)
    LH-5100

    Medical Expense Assistance

    LH-5100

    Programs that pay the health care expenses of people who are unable to obtain necessary care without assistance. Medical expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Medical Information Lines (2)
    TJ-3200.5000

    Medical Information Lines

    TJ-3200.5000

    Programs that provide telephone information about specific health and health-related topics including specific diseases and conditions, birth control, alcohol and drug abuse, mental health, safety and other similar topics. Included are programs that have tapes on specific topics that people can select and access through a central number which are then played over the telephone, those that are staffed by live operators who have medical expertise and who answer questions directly, and those that provide medical information via an Internet website.
  • Nursing Assistants (2)
    YO-3000.6000-600

    Nursing Assistants

    YO-3000.6000-600

    Individuals who perform routine tasks under the supervision of nursing and medical staff. They answer patients' call lights, deliver messages, serve meals, make beds and help patients eat, dress and bathe. Nursing assistants also may help patients with skin care; take their temperature, pulse rate, respiration rate and blood pressure; and help them get in and out of bed and walk. They may escort patients to operating and examining rooms, keep patients' rooms neat, set up equipment, store and move supplies or assist with some procedures.
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology (11)
    LV-6000

    Obstetrics/Gynecology

    LV-6000

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services that focus on women's reproductive health and care for women during pregnancy, childbirth and the period immediately following childbirth as well as the health of the fetus.
  • Physical Therapy (15)
    LR-6600

    Physical Therapy

    LR-6600

    Programs that evaluate joint motion, muscle strength and endurance, heart and lung function and the ability of people to perform activities of daily living; and utilize the therapeutic properties of exercise, heat, cold, electricity, ultraviolet, water, manipulation and massage to improve circulation, strengthen muscles, reduce pain and restore mobility to people who have been disabled by a stroke, arthritis, back or spinal cord injuries or other debilitating conditions. Physical therapists practice in a variety of settings including hospitals, private offices, outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, developmental centers, home health agencies, schools and pediatric centers.
  • Prenatal Care (9)
    LJ-5000.6600

    Prenatal Care

    LJ-5000.6600

    Programs that provide medical care for expectant mothers from the time of conception to the onset of labor to ensure their own physical well-being and the healthy development and birth of their child. Services generally include identification of risk factors based on age, health and/or personal and family history that may affect a woman's pregnancy; diet and lifestyle advice; routine checkups to look for signs of problems associated with pregnancy (such as edema, preeclampsia, or gestational diabetes) and to assure that the pregnancy is progressing well; ultrasound and other forms of prenatal testing to monitor fetal development and check for possible birth defects; and general information about being pregnant, e.g., what is normal and what is cause for concern, remedies for morning sickness or sleeplessness, managing weight gain and other common issues.
  • Prescription Expense Assistance (3)
    LH-5100.6500

    Prescription Expense Assistance

    LH-5100.6500

    Programs that provide financial assistance to purchase necessary prescription drugs for people who would be in an emergency situation without assistance. Also included are programs that reimburse individuals for their prescription expenses, usually on an annual basis. Prescription expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Public Health (5)
    JP

    Public Health

    JP

    Programs that protect and improve the health of the population through comprehensive efforts at the community level to prevent, control and eradicate disease and disabilities; eliminate environmental health hazards; promote sanitary living conditions; and recognize, prevent and control conditions in the workplace that constitute health hazards or place workers at risk for accidents.
  • Public Health Information/Inspection/Remediation (3)
    JP-6500

    Public Health Information/Inspection/Remediation

    JP-6500

    Programs that protect the public from unhealthful or unsanitary environmental conditions by establishing and enforcing health codes and regulations; taking and responding to complaints or reports regarding environmental hazards that pose a threat to public health or the environment; providing general information about environmental pollutants that constitute public health hazards; inspecting homes, public buildings, restaurants and other food facilities, and other property for compliance with health standards; cleaning up environmental hazards, when necessary; and/or initiating litigation against individuals and organizations who consistently have failed to comply with regulations, when warranted.
  • Public Health Nursing (5)
    JP-6600

    Public Health Nursing

    JP-6600

    Programs that protect and improve the health of the community through the use of public health nurses whose services are available through departments of public health, schools and voluntary agencies, typically in connection with medical programs supervised by physicians. Activities may include home visits to provide nursing under medical supervision for acutely ill patients and people who are chronically ill; outreach to populations who may not seek out health care through a traditional medical facility; support for physicians in public health clinics and disease detection programs; first aid and screening programs for school children; nutrition counseling; family planning information and a wide range of health education and prevention programs for the community at large which deal with personal health practices that can help to prevent illness.
  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation (1)
    LR-1570.7000

    Pulmonary Rehabilitation

    LR-1570.7000

    Programs that provide treatment services for people who have breathing problems due to lung disease or injury. Therapy includes training in the use of special breathing equipment and/or techniques for administering prescription medication; retraining in new ways of breathing, walking and working to compensate for breathing problems and to enable the body to use oxygen more efficiently; development of hour-by-hour home care schedules as needed; and patient and family education regarding the problem and the rehabilitation plan.
  • Speech Therapy (8)
    LR-8000.8000-820

    Speech Therapy

    LR-8000.8000-820

    Programs that offer individual or group therapy sessions which focus on the remediation of specific articulation problems in which speech sounds are omitted, replaced by substitute sounds or distorted; voice problems in which pitch, loudness or quality of voice is affected; or stuttering.
  • Teen Pregnancy Prevention (4)
    LJ-8000.8500

    Teen Pregnancy Prevention

    LJ-8000.8500

    Programs that provide a variety of informational and supportive services which promote healthy teen attitudes and behaviors regarding sexuality with the objective of heightening their awareness of the consequences of sexual activity and helping teens to avoid an unwanted pregnancy. Topics may include peer pressure, parent/teen communications, male/female relationships, values clarification, self-esteem, human reproduction, birth control and sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS. The goal of many of these programs is to help young people develop the knowledge, autonomy and skills they will need to make the transition to adulthood in good sexual health.
  • Visual Impairments (5)
    YF-9000

    Visual Impairments

    YF-9000

    Eye, optic nerve or brain malfunctions which prevent affected individuals from seeing normally. Eye disorders that can lead to visual impairments include retinal degeneration, albinism, cataracts, glaucoma, muscular problems that result in visual disturbances, corneal disorders, diabetic retinopathy, congenital disorders and infection.